Friday, August 28, 2020

Nikes Cheap Labor

In light of the introduced Nike’s Cheap Labor article by Tim Glenn, a few moral issues stick out. Among them is the disappointment of Nike Shoe Company to maintain the estimations of what is good and bad in the general public. It was deceptive for Nike to permit different exploitative practices to be completed by its subcontractors.Advertising We will compose a custom contextual investigation test on Nike’s Cheap Labor explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More Since the results of every one of its subcontractors bear its name, Nike ought to have plainly spelt out its moral code of behaviors to its temporary workers. As indicated by Berle and Means (1932, p.1), morals go past what the administration can control to conduct guideline. The agreement granted to Earnest and Young to guarantee examination of moral set of accepted rules in its contracting organizations appears to have fizzled. Different unscrupulous practices were apparent in its subcontractor firm s. Nike was to blame for dishonest work rehearses. The main proof of this deficiency is that Nike shut and moved its production lines in the United States to Asian nations where there is modest work. In spite of the fact that the organization doesn't include itself in direct creation, it knows about the exploitative endeavors by its subcontractors. Also, since the results of these subcontractors have a place with Nike and that they bear its name, it ought to have wiped out these untrustworthy practices. Overlooking such unscrupulous practices on workers who make its brands will add up to employees’ subjugation (Kingsolver, 2008). The media has an obligation to teach masses (laborers for this case) about their privileges. As indicated by Chomsky (1989), one of the jobs of media is to teach the workers on business morals. For this situation, the media in Asia and different spots where Nike has its production lines ought to illuminate laborers. Laborers should realize that they reserve the option to great working conditions, work freely, not to be explicitly hassled, acceptable lodging and food, and even a decent compensation. Media should air representative training programs. The second job that the media can play is uncovering unscrupulous demonstrations of such organizations as Nike.Advertising Looking for contextual analysis on business financial matters? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since the greater part of the organizations will do everything to guarantee that their picture isn't filthy, Nike would act rapidly to reestablish employees’ morals. Media ought to broadcast dishonest acts, for example, terminating of representatives pushing for better terms forcibly, inappropriate behavior, poor lodging, poor compensation, and constrained extra time. This airing will uncover the opposite side of the wellspring of the celebrated Nike’s items. Chomsky (1989) states that airing of e xploitative demonstrations of an organization edifies general society and workers. The significant outcome of the abuse of laborers by temporary workers and subcontractor of Nike in Asia is the advancement of a terrible picture. Despite the fact that Nike goes through a great deal of cash in underwriting famous people to make up its picture, this brand will step by step be dirty. On the off chance that the organization can stand to pay about $250 to competitors in underwriting, it ought to spend more in making a decent picture. Brand means the world to an organization since it makes a sentiment of either connection or absence of connection to an organization. It makes representatives, speculators, lenders, clients, and networks want or potentially despise being related with the organization. At the point when media uncovered the assortment of exploitative acts that the organization participates in, its open partners will build up a negative picture about it (Chomsky 1989). Nobody mi ght want to team up with barbaric organizations. No financial specialist might want to be a piece of an organization that genuinely manhandles its representatives or potentially doesn't take care of them their obligations. Clients of the organization are likewise liable to leave its items and go to other clothing ventures since they will consistently ascribe the company’s items to its unscrupulous practices. Nobody might want to purchase results of an organization that can't repay laborers who had mishaps throughout delivering its goods.Advertising We will compose a custom contextual analysis test on Nike’s Cheap Labor explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More Many potential representatives will likewise disregard working for an organization because of its terrible picture (Schneider et al. 2003, p.836). This case implies that a poor brand will deny Nike Company the abilities and inventive personalities that are probably going to go to its rivals. The cont ender will deliver top notch products. As a supervisor, I would make the best move in picture reclamation. The initial step will permit open and proficient correspondence among the organization, its contractual workers, and representatives. Truth be told, Parker (2005, p.17) asserts that advancement of formal morals and its correspondence is basic in today’s business world. I would build up structures that will permit open correspondence. There is a reasonable correspondence cut among workers and Nike as an organization. By guaranteeing that there are acceptable correspondence ways, representatives will recapture trust in the organization. As indicated by Guest (2007, p.52), representatives ought to be permitted to air their complaints as well as join worker's organizations without being sacked or rebuffed. Correspondence will likewise guarantee that workers are edified about their privileges and the implicit rules of the organization. To help correspondence, I will give prop osal boxes, hotlines, and messages for them to use on the off chance that their directors or contractual workers are in penetrate of the moral set of accepted rules. This procedure will likewise empower away from of the contractual workers on the off chance that they penetrate it. The second strategy that would spare the picture of Nike Company is publicizing, which is paid for to make open regard for specific merchandise and services.Advertising Searching for contextual analysis on business financial aspects? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More I would utilize media (both print and electronic stages) to publicize the key changes that the organization has attempted to guarantee worker fulfillment and item quality improvement through the basic appealing expression that, if a business treats its workforce well, they will thus treat customers well. The adjustments in representative relations would be publicized on media. Schneider et al. (2003, p.836) state that representative fulfillment causes expected workers to seek to join an organization later on. Furthermore, it will make Nike’s client change their impression of the organization from awful to great. Media has the capacity not exclusively to mention to individuals what to think about yet in addition how to think about a specific thought. With visit constructive introduction of the adjustments in the organization, individuals won't just consider Nike yet additionally tuned to consider it emphatically. End Nike Cheap Labor article by Tim Glenn is an embodiment of the numerous associations that endeavor to harvest much on the cost of its workforce as well as on their own cost. Abusing of representatives by not giving them their due wages, denying them inspirations, and not including them in key dynamic procedure involve a portion of the unscrupulous issues that organizations like Nike are rehearsing. Kingsolver (2008, p.268) says that all deceptive strategic approaches add up to subjugation. Such ways like poor installment of representatives, excusal from obligations without convention, unpaid extra time, inappropriate behavior of ladies, and abstaining from paying workers’ benefits are deceptive. In this manner, media should come in to promote these acts of neglect with an end goal to check them by uncovering their suggestions not exclusively to the representatives yet in addition to the casualty organizations. References Berle, A Means, G 1932, The Modern Corporation and Private Property, Transaction Publishers, New Jersey. Chomsky, N 1 989, Necessary Illusions: Thought Control in Democratic Societies, Pluto Press, London. Visitor, D 2007, HRM and execution: Can Partnership Address the Ethical Dilemmas?, Macklin Campbell, Pennington. Kingsolver, A 2008, Capitalism. Reference book of Race and Racism, Macmillan, Detroit. Parker, M 2005, For Business Ethics: A Critical Text, Routledge, London. Schneider, B, Hanges, P, Smith, D, Salvaggio, A 2003, ‘Which Comes First: Employee Attitudes or Organizational Financial and Market Performance?’, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 88 no. 1, pp. 836â€51. This contextual investigation on Nike’s Cheap Labor was composed and put together by client 3-D Man to help you with your own investigations. You are allowed to utilize it for exploration and reference purposes so as to compose your own paper; be that as it may, you should refer to it as needs be. You can give your paper here.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

What to Write in an Essay About Yourself

What to Write in an Essay About YourselfThe idea of what to write in an essay about yourself originated from a Victorian novel written by Sir Walter Scott. The subject was 'The Death of Captain Shaw,' a novel that were part memoir, part academic study, and part comedy.This private citizen who had served in the British Army in the Philippines fell in love with an American nurse on leave. Her name was Elizabeth Penny, and she was a prominent private citizen. Upon returning to England, Shaw, who was a civil servant, proceeded to make the acquaintance of various American citizens, whom he would eventually marry.Scott wrote that the writer wrote his memoirs while traveling through various locations in Europe. Scott provided the narrative using the first person, alternating between the vantage points of the characters. When he was writing about Shaw, he described his journey through the United States, being familiar with North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland.His objective was not, however, to get his point across, but rather to support the science fiction theme of mankind's frequent hubris, in the face of a previously untenable foe. He wrote that the novel was supposed to be 'something of a joke.' It was a comedy of errors, where every character was, indeed, a misfit. It was a novel of outlandish exaggerations and absurd exaggerations.After all, Scott's intention in his novel was not to be either true or fictitious. Nevertheless, it did satisfy one particular standard: it was amusing. One could relate to the situations and happenings, even if they were absurd, because they were in the realm of fantasy. At the same time, one could laugh at Shaw, to relieve the burden of realizing that he was indeed absurd.We tend to fall into one of two categories: those who are satisfied with having an answer for our personal needs and those who are uncomfortable having an answer for their personal needs. The former category includes the majority of people in the wor ld, while the latter category does not include many people.For the first group, there is no need to go to the trouble of writing something because they do not need one, as their personal needs will not be addressed. For the second group, they do need to write something, and that something may include how to be better, or better prepared, for the future. However, it would not be the only thing written about themselves; sometimes we write an entire book about ourselves, but only publish half of it, and then eventually lose interest.What to write in an essay about yourself may depend upon the individual, but there is no reason why it should not be about personal needs. We all have plenty of things we need to think about on a daily basis, and we have done the best we can to make it through our lives. The people who are able to tackle the subject of what to write in an essay about yourself, are those who have dealt with enough of the real thing.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Out Federalizing Federalists essays

Out Federalizing Federalists papers Jefferson, Out federalizing the Federalists? Jefferson gave off an impression of being a stalwart Republican, anyway numerous individuals question whether Jefferson utilized Federalists standards during his rule as President. Jefferson ran for president as a Democratic Republican. He was a firm devotee to an exacting translation of the constitution, which was one of the numerous convictions of Democratic Republicans. Numerous things that Jefferson did while he was in office spoken to what a genuine Democratic Republican would do. Regardless of what the case, Jefferson constantly attempted to do what he accepted any Democratic Republican would do. In spite of the fact that Jefferson constantly attempted to follow his gatherings convictions, now and then he swayed towards Federalist goals. It is difficult to state that Jefferson out federalized federalists, yet he followed huge numbers of their convictions. In this way it is least demanding to state that Jefferson was in the center between the two gatherings, however inclining so mewhat more distant towards Democratic Republican. Generally Jefferson was a Democratic Republican. He was an exceptionally severe constructionist. Prior to most significant choices, Jefferson would check with the constitution to check whether it was established or not. Before purchasing the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson needed to ensure that there was an approach to demonstrate that it was protected. Jefferson found in the constitution that is was a privilege of the president to make bargains, and that the Louisiana Purchase was a settlement. Additionally Jefferson imagined that the ranchers were the people1, which was another conviction of numerous Democratic Republicans. The way Jefferson reacted to the war with Britain and France was additionally a method for joining Popularity based Republican convictions. The ban demonstration and its belongings reacted in a negative impact, however was useful for the country over the long haul. It demonstrated that war would bring about residential changes as a rule, and they would need to be managed. Jeffer ... <!

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Introducing How to Write Counter Argument and Refutation in an Essay Samples

Introducing How to Write Counter Argument and Refutation in an Essay Samples By way of example, though some folks argue that college degree isn't an important life, research indicates that over 60% of individuals living below poverty levels have zero college degree. The first thing you're likely to have to do is to choose a topic that has more than one clear side. To begin with, growing prosperity in many elements of earth has increased the quantity of families with money to put money into their kids' future. A more severe issue is that the high price of a university education will signify that lots of families are reluctant to have more than 1 child, exacerbating the falling birthrates in some specific countries. Learn what counterarguments are and the way to use them in your persuasive writing. You may continue to keep your argumentative essays for your upcoming job portfolio in case they're highly graded. The persuasive essay is about changing a person's mind. Essay wri ting per se is no simple job to do. A conclusion is, undoubtedly, the most essential portion of the argumentative essay because you can either support the excellent impression or destroy it entirely. After creating an outline, you want to make the drafts. A counterargument is something to be thought about against the thesis or a region of the reason supporting the thesis. When it's time to walk your students throughout the procedure for persuasion, follow this guideline on the argumentative essay to attain a convincing outcome. Get the Scoop on How to Write Counter Argument and Refutation in an Essay Samples Before You're Too Late Ultimately, at the conclusion of the refutation, there's a very clear conclusion. There are many different ways by which the tool of refutation can be used. Many people have a tendency to compose weak arguments due to the fact that they don't know how to compose a compelling argument. Bear in mind that you're not developing another thorough argument when you compose a counterargument . Identify any false assumptions your opponent is probably going to use so that they're easy to spot during a debate. It's not sufficient to simply present either side of the argument. You will point out the 3 chief points to set up your argument. Talk about either side of the argument and provide your own opinion. The How to Write Counter Argument and Refutation in an Essay Samples Stories Needless to say, in all instances you need to present your own arguments. Each sentence is numbered based on the template above. The counterargument ought to be more than just a couple of sentences and ought to be free of bias and inflammatory language. To put it differently, language that's utilised to accomplish a specific function. The distinction is that you include the whole data in the body text while you simply name the arguments in your outline. You'll be definitely pleased with the outcome! A fantastic conclusion will summarize all data that has happened in the report and use it in order to give one final reason why you ought to join our side. This part includes background info regarding your argument. Creating a very good counter argument is among the main skills anyone can possess. Your purpose is to make the readers agree with your position on the topic or topic. What's more, you get a close peer-review your work to recognize a number of the hidden mistakes. Therefore, your principal job is to create your audience agree with your position on a particular topic or subject. So How About How to Write Counter Argument and Refutation in an Essay Samples? In any case, direct and indirect quotes are necessary to support your understanding of academic writing style. Conceding and refuting are also q uite typical in all sorts of debates including political and societal problems. Follow your quote with a right citation, normally the page number. You may have a look at the extra information on how best to compose an eye-catching essay introduction with a hook. You can also see essay examples. In case you haven't introduced any type of solution in your essay, perhaps encourage other people to become more conscious of your topic. You might also see concept essays. Presenting a counter argument offers you a chance to react to criticism in your essay. You ought to think about few aspects to decide on the topic of your essay. You ought to learn how to structure each kind of essay, as each of the 3 questions needs a different structure. Whether it's an argumentative or expository essay that you're writing, it is crucial to develop a clear thesis statement and a crystal clear sound reasoning.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Accounting For Proceeds From The Issuance Of Convertible...

1.The differences in accounting for proceeds from the issuance of convertible bonds and of debt instruments with separate warrants to purchase common stock. Convertible debts are long-term securities which can be converted into issuer s stock options at a specified conversion ratio, if the debt-holder wants to exercise them. Convertibles include bonds and preferred shares, but most commonly take the form of bonds. Convertible bonds are a type of compound financial instrument with characteristics of both liability and equity. Convertibles are appealing to investors who are looking for an investment with greater growth potential than that offered by a traditional bond. By purchasing a convertible bond, the investor can still receive†¦show more content†¦Convertible debt and debt with stock warrants differ in that: (1) if the market price of the stock increases sufficiently, the issuer can force conversion of convertible debt into common stock by calling the issue for redemption, but the issuer cannot force exercise of the warrants; (2) convertible debt may be essentially debt, whereas debt with stock warrants is debt with the additional right to acquire equity; and (3) the conversion option and the convertible debt are inseparable and, in the absence of separate transferability, do not have separate values established in the market; whereas debt with detachable stock warrants can be separated into debt and the right to purchase stock, each having separate values in the market. When the debt instrument and the option to acquire common stock are inseparable, as in the case of convertible bonds, the entire proceeds of the bond issue are allocated to the debt and the related premium or discount accounts. When the debt and the warrants are separable, the proceeds of their sale are allocated between them. The basis of allocation is their relative fair values. As a practical matter, these relative values are usually determined by reference to the price in the open market. The portion of the proceeds assigned to the warrants are accounted for as paid-in capital. The result may be that the debt is issued at a reduced premium or at aShow MoreRelatedIntermediate Accounting17109 Words   |  69 PagesVisit Free Slides and Ebooks : CHAPTER 16 Dilutive Securities and Earnings Per Share ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE (BY TOPIC) Topics 1. Convertible debt and preference shares. Warrants and debt. Share options, restricted share. Earnings Per Share (EPS)—terminology. EPS—Determining potentially dilutive securities. EPS—Treasury share method. EPS—Weightedaverage computation. EPS—General objectives. EPS—Comprehensive calculations. EPS—Contingent shares. ConvergenceRead MoreQuestions and Answers on Share-based Compensation and Earnings per Share35450 Words   |  142 Pagesï » ¿Chapter 19 Share-Based Compensation and Earnings per Share    True / False Questions    1. GAAP requires using intrinsic value accounting for employee stock options.      True  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  False    2. If previous experience indicates that a material number of stock options will be forfeited before they vest, the fair value estimate of the options on the grant date should be adjusted to reflect that expectation.      True  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  False    3. Compensation expense must be adjusted during the service period to reflect changesRead MoreChap14 Intermediate Accounting Ii22306 Words   |  90 PagesCHAPTER 14 Long-Term Liabilities ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE (BY TOPIC) Topics 1. Long-term liability; classification; definitions. Issuance of bonds; types of bonds. Premium and discount; amortization schedules. 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Comprehensive publication including hundreds of worked examples, extracts from company reports and model financial statements. IFRS News Monthly newsletter focusing on the business implications of the IASBs proposals and new standards. Acquisitions – Accounting and transparency under IFRS 3 Assesses the impactRead MoreCitibank Performance Evaluation Case Study37733 Words   |  151 Pageswhich reference should be made. In compliance with European Regulation no. 1606 of July 19, 2002, starting from 2005 the Fiat Group has adopted International Financial Reporting Standards (â€Å"IFRS†) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (â€Å"IASB†) in the preparation of its consolidated financial statements. On the basis of national laws implementing that Regulation, starting from 2006 the Parent Company Fiat S.p.A. is presenting its financial statements in accordance with IFRS, whichRead MoreInstructor’s Manual Fundamentals of Financial Management60779 Words   |  244 Pagessection of the book deals with the more specialized topics of: convertibles, exchangeables, and warrants; mergers and other forms of corporate restructuring; and international financial management. While the book may be used without any formal prerequisites, often the student will have had an introductory course in accounting and economics (and perhaps a course in statistics). Completion of these courses allows the instructor to proceed more rapidly over financial analysis, capital budgeting, andRead MoreInternational Financial Statement Analysis Workbook51873 Words   |  208 Pagesequity) in evaluating a company’s performance and ï ¬ nancial position. 3 4 Learning Outcomes, Summary Overview, and Problems †¢ Discuss the importance of ï ¬ nancial statement notes and supplementary information (including disclosures of accounting methods, estimates, and assumptions) and management’s discussion and analysis. †¢ Discuss the objective of audits of ï ¬ nancial statements, the types of audit reports, and the importance of effective internal controls. †¢ Identify and explain informationRead MoreIfrs Compared to Us Gaap209956 Words   |  840 Pageschanging environment in the world of accounting and financial reporting. Good progress has been made towards the establishment of a single set of high quality, globally accepted accounting standards - but we have not yet achieved that goal. However, we must also be careful in defining what our ultimate goal is. Is it convergence of U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP) to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), or conversion from U.S. GAAP to IFRSs? These are two differentRead MoreBodie, Kan e, Marcus Study Guide Essay40928 Words   |  164 Pagesinvestment companies. In this chapter the student is introduced to the general concept of investing, which is to forego consumption today so that future consumption can be preserved and hopefully increased in the future. Real assets are differentiated from financial assets, and the major categories of financial assets are defined. The risk/return tradeoff, the concept of efficient markets and current trends in the markets are introduced. The role of financial intermediaries and in particular, investment

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Women Of Latin American Culture - 1759 Words

Women of Latin American culture have incessantly ensued the potent gender roles that have become a social construction of their society over innumerable decades. The profound author of Insurgent Mexico, John Reed, imparts his experiences with the revolutionary leaders of the Mexican Revolution, like Pancho Villa, and was able to witness their culture and more specifically the roles these Mexican women were forced to render by their chauvinistic counterparts. This period of revolution, started to grant women new mantles usually reserved only for men, like participating in fighting for the success of the revolution; any preeminent changes would soon approach, but in the meantime Mexican society run by men enjoyed the regulated traditional†¦show more content†¦In Reed’s accounts he expressed how he heard â€Å"the angry voice of the master of the house reminded the woman that she was not doing five or six things at once† in which his woman would then go attend to the orders he had just given (Reed, 17). There is an order of importance to note that Reed always refers to these Mexican women as the man’s woman and never their wife, however when he speaks through the woman’s account he refers to the man as their husband. There is more respect demanded from the women of Mexican culture during the early 1900s because the men viewed their laborious work that brings in money as a means to deserve to be treated like masters of their family. The specifically crafted language Reed uses when he speaks of the labor the women perform, can demonstrate that he realizes they are weary and overworked. Along with everything Reed includes when he is describing the women work, there is important to also note that he omits any complaints made by women to their husbands. Throughout the novel in any interaction between and man and his woman, never did the woman complain about her arduous work and the commands she received. The work women did in Mexica n culture is expected of them and it ties into machismo on part of the men because they feel their job is only to bring income while the wives took care of the rest. Taking this into account, Reed portrays these women to be tolerant and respectful not only to these men in their lives theyShow MoreRelatedGender Inequality During Latin American Countries1373 Words   |  6 Pages How has gender inequality affected women in Latin American countries? Gender inequality has affected the women of Latin America in a multitude of ways, but it can be argued that the division of gender equality is extremely prominent when analyzing reproductive rights and health care access. Compared to countries such as Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States, Latin America is far behind in terms of civil rights and reproductive rights. The lack of rights is not in question; women’s barrierRead MoreIn The United States, Not Only Are Latin Women Being Misunderstood,1508 Words   |  7 PagesUnited States, not only are Latin women being misunderstood, but African American women are also stereotyped by other people. Latin women are discriminated in their dressing and service occupations, while African American Americans are stereotyped in sexually promiscuous, caregiving role, and â€Å"welfare queens.† Both of them are victims of racial stereotypes, which affe ct them negatively on their identities and characteristics. However, the differentiation of their cultures makes them being stereotypedRead MoreComparison of Two Personal Narratives1264 Words   |  6 Pagesconcept of social stratification is one that can be witnessed universally across all societies, irrespective of geography and culture. Every society has several layers of social strata and each individual falls into at least one of these categories. The determinants of social class are often variable but include factors such as power, wealth, education, religion, culture and ethnicity (Victorian web, 2002). Inevitably when there is a system of social classification, there will be some friction betweenRead MoreWhat Has Westernisation Influenced Perceptions Of Motherhood Within Latin American Society?974 Words   |  4 Pages To what extent has westernisation influenced perceptions of motherhood within Latin American society? Introduce topic Chapter 1: Maternal love and Womanhood: to what extent is Motherhood the product of socially constructed norms and what are the means of the construction of the maternal figure? Motherhood as a social construct in general: Since the beginning of time, motherhood has been seen as synonymous with womanhood and the female experience. The female body has set out women’s role as oneRead MoreNarrative by Judith Ortiz Cofer Essay627 Words   |  3 Pagesdealing with stereotypes and common misconceptions of Latin American women. To further engage her audience in the story, she provides detailed past experiences that have stood out to her the most. In order for the readers to fully understand those past encounters, some of which are cultural and common among Latinos, Cofer explains them in careful detail. For example, Cofer explains the concept of piropos which are poems composed on the spot by men to women as a form of admiration. This helps her introduceRead MoreChronicle Of A Death Foretold By Gabriel Marquez1256 Words   |  6 Pagesmost important aspect of the Latin American culture has everything to do with honor. Women have the biggest responsibility when it comes to honor. Losing your honor might undoubtedly portray as the worst deed in this culture. In a Chronicle of a Death Foretold the author Gabriel Marquez demonstrates the horrifying actions taken when losing one’s honor. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the events that occurred in the novel and compare them to the same the culture and also the outcomes of goingRead MoreAnalysis Of Judith Cofer s Article And The Myth Of The Latin Woman Essay1648 Words   |  7 Pagesgender and culture. Roxanne Gay talks about the difficult struggles that women have to deal with such as the usage of birth control and the process of having an abortion. While Judith Cofer takes a similar route with a few differences. Her article talks specifically about the struggles of a Latin woman. Both articles talk about the obstacles women are faced with while also taking the time to focus on specific topics. â€Å"The Alienable Rights of Women† by Roxanne Gay and â€Å"The Myth o f the Latin Woman† byRead MoreA Chronicle Of A Death Foretold1253 Words   |  6 Pagesmost important aspect of the Latin American culture has everything to do with honor. Women have the biggest responsibility when it comes to honor. Losing your honor might undoubtedly portray as the worst deed in this culture. In a Chronicle of a Death Foretold the author Gabriel Marquez demonstrates the horrifying actions taken when losing one’s honor. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the events that occurred in the novel and compare them to the same the culture and also the outcomes of goingRead MoreAnalysis Of Chronicle Of A Death Foretold969 Words   |  4 Pages The Role of Women in Expressing and Critiquing Latin American Culture in â€Å"Chronicle of a Death Foretold† 10 February 2017 Word count: 1499 The characterization of females within Gabriel Garcà ­a Mà ¡rquez’s â€Å"Chronicles of a Death Foretold† brings to light the ways through which machismo is established and maintained within the novel’s Latin American culture. Such characters bring to light women s exploitation under the influence of this patriarchy, as well as the many ways in which theyRead MoreManifestation of Latin-American Gender Roles in American Media1220 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Manifestation of Latin Gender Roles in American Media Objective The objective of this study is to examine the manifestation of Latin gender roles in American Media. Towards this end, this study will examine the literature in this area of inquiry. Introduction Gender roles are reported to be generally defined as sex-based categories that specify appropriate rules of conduct for males and females in a particular culture or society. Although grounded in biological differences between males and

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

England and Northern Ireland History free essay sample

Catherine Ann Taylor Comparative Politics spring 2013 The Relationship between the English and Northern Irish in the Context of In the Name of the Father The intertwined and complex history of England and Ireland dates back to the 12th century, when English barons seized Irish lands. This continued until the 1300s, at which point most of the land in Ireland was owned by English. Loyalty to England weakened when the Englishmen began identifying more in Ireland. In 1534, Henry VIII took control of Ireland. When he became king of Ireland in 1541, he created new laws that increased English control over Ireland (Northern Ireland Timeline). Queen Elizabeth I attempted to assert English authority over Ireland by outlawing Catholic services, which only made Catholics protest more strongly against British rule (Northern Ireland Timeline). Conflict between England and Northern Ireland can be traced back to the 1600s, when the English squelched a number of rebellions by the Irish. (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen) A large portion of Ireland, especially Northern Ireland, was then colonized by Scottish and English Protestants (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen). In 1649, Oliver Cromwell led an army to Ireland to stop Irish revolts against British rule. Cromwell, who was in favor of Protestantism, established several anti-Catholic laws that stripped them of many political rights. In 1688, the British invited William of Orange to be king of England and Scotland, causing King James II of England to flee to Ireland. Williams army defeated that of James in the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 (Northern Ireland Timeline). During the 1800s the northern and southern Ireland grew further apart due to economic differences. The standard of living in the north elevated with the rise of industry and manufacturing . The south had unequal distribution of land and resources, as Anglican Protestants owned the ajority of the land. This resulted in a lower standard of living for the large Catholic population (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen). Northern Ireland did not gain political separation from the rest of Ireland until the early portion of the 20th century, when the issue of home rule divided Protestants and Catholics into two conflicting camps. The majority of Irish Catholics wanted complete independence from Britain, but Irish Protestants did not, as they feared that their interests would be realized in a country with a Catholic majority rule (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen). In the early twentieth entury there was a long period of guerilla warfare between the nationalist Irish Republican Army (IRA) and British military forces (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen). In 1920, Britain passed the Government of Ireland Act, which divided Ireland into two separate political entities that each possessed some qualities of self-government. Dorney) One entity with twenty-six counties was known as the Irish Free State, and was somewhat independent. The other entity remained part of the United Kingdom. the United Kingdom and Republicanists, who wanted Ireland to have complete independence (Northern Ireland Timeline). There was also a divide along religious lines, with Ulster Protestants accepting the legislation, while Southern Catholics rej ected it, wanting complete independence as one, unified Ireland. The Irish Free State became an independent republic in 1949 (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen). In 1921, British and Irish forces arranged a treaty that would allow a considerable amount of independence to the 26 Irish counties that were then the Irish Free State. The problem with the treaty was that dissolved the Republic declared in 1918 and pledged Irish parliament members to pledge their allegiance to Britain. In addition, it the separation of Northern and Southern Ireland, which was previously established with the 1920 Government of Ireland Act (Dorney). Most violent clashes between Catholics and Protestants had come to a halt after the 1921 Agreement until the 1960s, when bloody riots broke out in Londonderry in 1968, and again in Londonderry and Belfast in 1969. Even with British troops brought in to restore and maintain order, the clashes worsened as the IRA and Protestant paramilitary groups carried out bombings and other acts of terrorism. This continuing conflict went on nto the 1990s, and became known as the Troubles. Even with the action taken to resolve to the conflict in the 1970s and 80s, terrorist violence was still a problem in the early 1990s, as British troops remained in full force. Over 3,000 people died as a result of the strife in Northern Ireland. (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen). These bombings occurred at the zenith of the Northern Ireland Troubles, when an average of almost one person a day was being killed. There was a disturbing implication of anti-lrish bias in the British Judicial system in bringing these ca ses of violence to justice in British courts. This bias was felt in Irish communities and the legal system there, and it eroded British civil liberties and the concept of British fair play. The integrity of British institutions took a toll. There was a ripple effect into British life of other aspects of Irish violence (Bell, 768-769). An enduring and unpleasant pattern began in the seventies involving IRA bombings and terrorist scares in Britain. Three different sets of suspects were arrested, tried and convicted in such a way that signified to many people that British Justice was adapting to work intensely against Irish favor. Bew and Gillespie). This makes sense, as there was extreme pressure on the police to find the IRA bombers who had brought their terrorism from Ireland to mainland Britain (Bell, 768-769). One of the most vivid displays of violence in the Irish psyche was the bombing of a Guildford pub in 1974 by the IRA. Ptes Jean Slater, Ann Hamilton, John Hunter and William Forsyth and another civilian were killed (and many more were injured) by a bomb that exploded in the Horse and Groom pub. Later that night, a similar bomb exploded in a Woolwich pub. Two were killed there as well (Imbornoni, Brunner, and Rowen). Weeks afterward, Gerry Conlon, Patrick Armstrong, Paul Hill and Carole Richardson, who would soon be known as the Guildford Four, were arrested and later sentenced to life in prison. Paul Hill and Patrick Armstrong were also saddled with the blame of the Woolwich bombing (Harding). Gerry Conlons father, Giuseppe Conlon, and members of the their family, who became known as the Maguire Seven, were later brought into the situation (Harding). The Maguire family was convicted of the Guildford bombings in 1976 (Bew and Gillespie). They were When Mrs. Maguire and her husband were sentenced to 14 years for handling xplosives, she was carried out of court kicking and screaming: l am innocent. My sons, my sons. The boys were also Jailed. Her brother-in-law, Giuseppe Conlon, had travelled to England to assist in the legal defense of his son Gerry, but was arrested in a local pub with Mrs. Maguires husband Patrick, her brother and a friend (Harding). Giuseppe Conlon was given 12 years. Relatives had to look after the Maguires two other children until Mrs. Maguires release in 1985 after serving her jail time (Harding). On October 17, 1989, it was announced that corruption proceedings would be taken against law enforcement officers who dealt with the onviction of the Guildford Four. Three of the Guildford Four- Gerard Conlon, Carole Richardson and Patrick Armstrong- were released on October 19 after fourteen years of Jail time. Paul Hill was kept in custody, because he was alleged to be involved in another, unresolved case. The court of appeal decided that the 1975 convictions were based on confessions that were made up by the police (Bew and Gillespie). The 1993 movie In the Name of the Father is based on the true story of the Guildford Four, with a focus on Jerry and Giuseppe Conlon the father and son pair for which the movie is named. The movie opens with Jerry accidentally starting a riot between British forces and Irish citizens along with the IRA. Giuseppe decides to send his son Jerry to England so that he can avoid the Troubles. Jerry meets his friend Paul Hill on the boat to London, and Hill takes them to live in a squatters house with several hippies. When they decide to leave several weeks later, Jerry robs a prostitute (IMDB). The bombing of the Guildford pub goes on that same night. Jerry decides to go back to Belfast. One of the hippies tells the police that Paul and Jerry are troublemakers, and several weeks later both are arrested. The British government tortures them and two other Irish people into confessing to the bombing. When they go to court, they protest that they are innocent despite signing their confession, and the evidence against them is flimsy. They go to Jail anyway, and Jerry and Giuseppe share a Jail cell. When Jerry meets Joe McAndrews in Jail, he has confessed to the bombings that Jerry is in Jail for, but the British government still wont release him (In the Name of the Father). Gareth Peirce becomes the Conlons attorney, with the hopes of proving their innocence. Giuseppe dies in prison, and Jerry continues to campaign for their vindication. Peirce seizes a special opportunity to look at their files, and finds information labeled not to be shown to the defense. She builds her case with this her newfound evidence (In the Name of the Father). When the four are brought back to court in London, the Judge reviews the evidence she presents and finds every member of the Guildford Four innocent. The Judge does not charge any of the guilty British law enforcement officers in the matter, and he does not declare Giuseppe innocent posthumously. The movie ends with Jerry vowing to clear his fathers name (IMDB). When the Guildford case collapsed, there was doubt by about the accusations gainst the Maguire family, who had been pegged as helping the wrongly accused Guildford Four construct the bombs that they, of course, had never constructed. Sir John May was appointed to inquire into the situation surrounding the Maguire family (Bew and Gillespie). not depicted in In the Name of the Father, were lumped together in history in that all of these groups had been arrested, questioned and beaten or tortured into giving confessions, according to those involved, for acts of terrorism on England that they did not commit. All of the cases were carried out with flimsy, unsustainable evidence nd circumstances. Even after the IRA indicated that the groups were innocent, not all legal parties were convinced (Bell, 768-769). When the Guildford Four case was declared unsound and the men were released, Gerry Conlons Proved Innocent: The Story of Gerry Conlon of the Guildford Four and Paul Hills Stolen Years, Before and After Guildford were published. These books put the British prison system and the West Midlands Police, who had tortured the Guildford Four, under a harsh and critical public light (Bell, 768-769). Douglas Hurd, the home secretary, said that had in the Guildford case there had been a serious iscarriage of Justice, which has resulted in wrongful imprisonment. He felt regret and deep concern (Harding). The Troubles in Ireland went on for another twenty years before dying down in the early 1990s, before flaring up again in 1996. When peace talks with the British government began again in 1997, a ceasefire went into place. The Good Friday Agreement was reached in 1998, which included provisions to make Ireland a country without the consent of Northern Ireland, and ensured all Irish basic civil a nd human rights. It also included provisions bring down the number of security forces in Northern Ireland and to begin having an unarmed police force.